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World Conference on Drowning Prevention 2011

The third ILS World Conference took place in 2011 in Da Nang - Vietnam. It was organised by the Royal Life Saving Society - Australia under the guidance of Justin Scar (RLSS-Australia).


The Conference Papers were archived in the ILS Library by author, year, event. They can also be found sorted by stream underneath.

Conference Streams were:

Keynote Addresses

Vietnam in Focus

The Vietnam in Focus stream highlighted drowning prevention presentations from the host country.

Drowning in Low and Middle Income Countries

000000 Epidemiological profile of drowning in Nepal. Preliminary data from the Kathmandu region
Wasti, H.
000000 Fatal drownings in Nepal: As reported in the media
Pant, P.
000000 Limitations of ponds and natural water sources for swimming teaching
Hossain, J.
000000 Utilising the Water Activities Participant's Health Information Form - to prevent drowning and water related accidents and injuries amongst the population living with specific health problems across the globe
Bakinga, J.
046046 A longitudinal study of child drowning in rural Bangladesh
Rahman, A.
047047 Drowning, an impediment to achieving MDG4 in Bangladesh
Rahman, F.
048048 Safe haven effect of anchals – preventing drowning in early childhood
Baset, K.
049049 Survival swimming – effectiveness of SwimSafe in preventing drowning in mid and late childhood
Rahman, A.
050050 Optimal age to learn survival swimming in Bangladesh
Biswas, A.
051051 Desk research into communities at risk of drowning – Case of Uganda in East Africa
Dralega, J.
052052 Arising the immune protection of the children drowned in Thailand
Ekchaloemkiet, S.; Gerdmongkolgan, S.
053053 Policy advocacy on child drowning prevention in Thailand
Ekchaloemkiet, S.; Gerdmongkolgan, S.
054054 Model-driven community towards the child drowning prevention in Thailand
Gerdmongkolgan, S.
055055 Drowning in a developing country in Asia. Its nature and the support that such countries need
Godakumbura, W.
056056 Development and implementation of community-based drowning prevention interventions in a selected urban coastal community in the Northern Philippines
Guevarra, J.; Orbillo, L.
058058 A Model for raising water safety awareness in low & middle income countries: A case study from Tanzania
Kiluswa, S.
061061 Natural swimming – prevalence and association with protection from drowning in Bangladesh
Hossain, S.J.
062062 Child drowning in Thailand
Laosee, O.
064064 Probability of drowning during childhood in Bangladesh
Linnan, M.
065065 The social autopsy – a tool for community awareness after a drowning event
Baset, K.
066066 Anchal – an integrated child survival and development center: a promising initiative for prevention of drowning among young children
Mashreky, S.R.
067067 Barriers to CPR training in a rural LMIC setting
Mecrow, T.Stefan
068068 Moral Hazard and SwimSafe – the early results are in and it does not increase risk-taking
Mecrow, T.Stefan
069069 Risk taking behaviors concerning water in early childhood, Bangladesh
Mecrow, T.Stefan
070070 Community based child drowning programme
Mony, K.
072072 Large-scale community training in CPR as a basis for a community response system in an LMIC
Nusrat, N.
073073 Development of the Philippines National Framework of Action on Drowning Prevention 2011–2015
Orbillo, L.
074074 Child drowning in Jiangxi Province, China – A silent killer
Linnan, H.W.
074074 Child drowning in Jiangxi Province, China – A silent killer
Linnan, H.W.
074074 Community based child drowning prevention project in Jiangxi Province, China
Chen, Y.Y.
075075 Rescue rates following SwimSafe training
Rahman, A.
076076 SwimSafe teaching tools: guidance for survival swimming to children in low and middle income countries
Rahman, A.
077077 The scale required for impact on child drowning in middle and late childhood and implications for safety
Scarr, J.P.
078078 The process of learning natural swimming
Shafinaz, S.
079079 Prevention of childhood drowning in Malaysia
081081 Child Drowning in Cambodia
Chan, S.
082082 No more drown in 15 minutes
Suvanprakorn, A.
083083 Drowning in the Great Lakes of Uganda: A neglected problem
Mutatina, B.
085085 The evaluation of general swimming and safety swimming programmes
Ekchaloemkiet, S.
086086 SwimSafe – A survival swimming curricula
Rubin, T.
087087 New local PFD innovation
Suvanprakorn, A.
088088 Situation and causes of drowning among children aged 0–14 years – Nakhon Ratchasima Province
Tongjun, P.
089089 Message from Sri Lanka
Ukwatte, H.
094094 Behavioral change communications for drowning prevention in low literacy environments
Walker, D.

Drowning Research

092092 Standard World Health Organisation (WHO) data on drowning: A cautionary note concerning undetermined drowning
Lunetta, P.
093093 Systematic review of non-Utstein style drowning terms
Sempsrott, J.
095095 ILS Drowning Data and Research Survey
Franklin, R.C.
096096 Drowning statistics in Germany – Comparison of different reporting systems
Mohr, D.
097097 Drowning under the influence of drugs and alcohol
Lunetta, P.
098098 Calculating estimates of drowning morbidity and mortality adjusted for exposure to risk
Mitchell, R.J.
099099 A drowning risk assessment (DRA) observation instrument: Developmental proposal
Langendorfer, S.
100100 Applying existing scientific technology and methods to life saving research
Kjendlie, P.
101101 Open water safety messages: spreading the word
Bennett, E.; Moran, K.
102102 Open water safety messages: Spreading the word in New Zealand
Stanley, T.
103103 Using the public health approach to prevent drowning in Hawaii
Argue, R.
104104 Drowning deaths – The estimated ratios between drowning, morbidity and no morbidity
Bech, E.
105105 Research methods: tips and tricks for those interested (and maybe never have considered that research is fun)
Bierens, J.J.L.M.
106106 Establishing New Zealand's water safety research strategy and online research bibliography
Brunt, A.
107107 Suicide by drowning is the 21st century's rescue challenge: A review
Connolly, J.
108108 The rescuer who drowns
Franklin, R.C.; Pearn, J.H.
109109 Outbreak factors of drowning on the shores of Japan
Ishikawa, T.
110110 Age pattern of drowning mortality across 44 countries
Lu, T.
111111 Establishing a surveillance system to record drowning incidence in a low income country: A top down–bottom up approach
Urio, J.
112112 Disability and drowning – Personal experiences, research and practicalities
Pearn, J.H.; Franklin, R.C.
113113 Drowning death in Brazil: Can we trust our database of death certificates concerning place and circumstance?
Szpilman, D.
114114 National drowning research project in Finland
Valonen, K.
115115 Estimating morbidity associated with unintentional drowning episodes
Franklin, R.C.
116116 Alcohol related drowning deaths in Victoria, Australia, 2000–2009
Grace, S.
117117 Socio-economic transition and mortality from drowning in Lithuania: critical points in time and place
Kalediene, R.
118118 The socioeconomic aspect of drowning death in Brazil: A huge unbalance
Szpilman, D.
119119 To properly target drowning prevention resources, you need local data: Evaluate drowning death data at a local level to understand and plan more appropriately
Szpilman, D.
120120 Preliminary results for a 6-year review of nonfatal drowning in children and young people 0–19 yrs in Queensland (Australia) 2002–2008
Franklin, R.C.

Child Drowning

000000 Safe Kids Worldwide’s drowning prevention initiatives: Start Safe: A water program for young children and their families (USA) and an overview of activities in other member countries
Mickalide, A.
122122 A policy strategy to prevent open water drowning among children and teens in Washington State, USA
Bennett, E.; Quan, L.
123123 Pediatric drowning and submersion injuries in Singapore: A five-year retrospective study
Goh, S.
124124 Child drowning in Australia – Meeting the drowning challenge
Franklin, R.C.
125125 Supervision a common factor in Australian unintentional child drowning deaths
Petrass, L.; Blitvich, J.D.; Finch, C.
126126 Water Safety NZ and Plunket bath mat campaign – Practice
Muir, A.
127127 The supervision myth
Griffiths, T.
128128 At risk family: Correlation between drowning and child abuse/neglect in Broward County Florida
Mulligan, D.; Burgess, K.
129129 Going to school – Drowning on the way
Penson, D.; Pearn, J.H.
130130 Using a conceptual research approach to investigate supervision and inform future research
Petrass, L.
131131 Engagement with Community Infant Life Support – Save a Baby Programme
Standley, D.
132132 Fresh water drowning prevention video – An impacting way to reduce drowning among children
Szpilman, D.
133133 Drowning as risk of death in preschool children
Bajraktarevic, A.
134134 Fatal immersion child injuries in rapidly developing Middle Eastern country
Barss, P.
135135 Information for prevention – Educational activities to promote child safety
Queiroga, A.C.
136136 14 years of innovative teaching of 12th grade students producing relevant work for lifesaving and social economy organizations
Queiroga, A.C.
137137 Patterns of drowning among children and adolescents in Lithuania during 1988–2009: implications for prevention
Starkuviene, S.; Kalediene, R.

Emergency Response and Medical Issues

140140 Lack of evidence blocks development of drowning resuscitation guidelines
Bierens, J.J.L.M.
141141 Mouth-to-mouth ventilation reduces interruptions in chest compressions during lifeguard CPR: A randomized manikin study
Lofgren, B.
142142 Shallow Water Blackout – The production of a position statement from the ILSF Medical Committee
Dickinson, P.
144144 Do swimming pool incident, accident and medical emergency rates correlate with training provision?
Brown, C.
145145 Time delay and performance of CPR in surf lifeguards after simulated cardiac arrest due to drowning
Claesson, A.
146146 Sudden death whilst swimming – is it safe to go into the water?
Morgan, P.
147147 Pilot Program for the use of laryngeal mask airway devices by first responder lifeguards
Hood, N.
148148 Management of a scuba diving accident
Lippmann, J.
149149 The role of volunteers in surf rescue emergency response groups
McLean, D.
151151 Lifeguard knowledge and understanding of CPR
Moran, K.; Webber, J.
152152 CPR Online
Pearce, R.; Nimmo, L.
153153 Aquatic cervical and head trauma: Nobody told me it could be a jump in the darkness!
Szpilman, D.
154154 Autonomic Conflict': a cause of sudden death on immersion in cold water?
Tipton, M.J.
155155 From drowning to survival: A resuscitation case study
Webber, J.
156156 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in aquatic rescue: A review
Avramidis, S.; Connolly, J.
157157 Surviving prolonged cold water immersion – An evaluation of immersion dry suit test performance standards
Barwood, M.
158158 Dublin Fire Brigade's Water Rescue Service – Past, present and future
O’Dwyer, G.
159159 The success at Foyle Search and Rescue – Suicide prevention and rescue in the city of Derry, Ireland
Connolly, J.
160160 Training of survival technique 'chakuiei' on JICA program
Kimura, T.
161161 Assessing the cause of death in bodies found in water
Lunetta, P.
162162 Acupressure in first aid for life savers
Yeung, P.

Advances in Lifesaving

The decision-making lifesaving protocol
Donohoe, B.
164164 Improving beach safety: The Science of the Surf (SOS) research project
Hatfield, J.; Willamson, A.
165165 Why were you swimming there? Analysis of risky swimming behaviour on Australian beaches
Willamson, A.
166166 Reducing rip current drownings: lessons from interviews with rip current survivors
Brander, R.
167167 Swim or Float? An evidence-based approach to reducing the risk of rip related drowning in Australia
Sherker, S.
168168 Dynamics of Rip Currents and Implications for Beach Safety (DRIBS): A research and service provision partnership project
Dawes, P.
169169 Measurements of rip current flow and swimmer behaviour in Australian rip current systems using low-cost GPS: implications for beach safety
Brander, R.
170170 What we are selling? – The knowledge to save your life. A public education strategy for rip currents
Thompson, M.
171171 Surveillance and detection rates of beach lifeguards
Page, J.
172172 Safety behaviour to avoid drowning – Should we 'Float First' on accidental immersion?
Barwood, M.
173173 The responses of a group of 10 to 11 year old children swimming in cold water
Bird, F.
174174 An evaluation of a community knowledge-based intervention on beach safety: The Science of the Surf (SOS) presentations
Brander, R.
175175 Admission standards – How to make it work
Connors, B.
177177 YMCA of the USA Aquatic Incident Surveillance pilot study
Espino, M.
178178 Lifeguard training effects on the physical and antrometrics at fire department of Rio De Janeiro
Szpilman, D.
179179 Effects of training program on lifeguards of fire department of Rio De Janeiro
Szpilman, D.
180180 Risk management solution for drowning and injury prevention
Florence, G.
181181 Assessing the application of safety standards in Australian aquatic facilities
Griffiths, M.
182182 Near-drowning at Jacob Riis park – a case study of physical fitness needed by oceanfront lifeguards
Martinez, C.
183183 Development of an open-access server-based tool capable of providing standardized risk assessment services worldwide
Queiroga, A.C.
184184 Why delivering accredited training helps to save lives on NSW beaches
Simon, P.
185185 Out of position
Smith, P.
186186 Improving swimming pool management understanding of Health and Safety legislation through attendance at the RLSS UK National Pool Management Qualification (NPMQ)
Standley, D.
187187 Surf rescue emergency response system – a strategy to reduce coastal drowning deaths in New South Wales
Storey, D.
188188 Coastal drowning prevention through comprehensive risk management
Farmer, N.
189189 Developing a knowledge-based and scientifically supported standard for safe operation of recreational aquatic facilities: Progress of the US model aquatic health code project
White, J.
191191 European Qualification Framework (EQF) – For the lifeguard profession
Wilkens, K.
192192 Leadership in lifeguarding for optimum swimming safety
Avramidis, S.
193193 Teaching rescuers how to treat a drowning swimmer with a near-death experience: A review
Avramidis, S.
194194 Life saving medallion: icons or relics?
Baker, S.
195195 Lessons learned
Connors, B.; Smith, P.
196196 Do bystanders help or hinder at the scene of drowning incidents? A review of Irish press reports
Donohoe, B.
197197 Life saving imagery on postage stamps
Franklin, R.C.
198198 Taking a health promoting perspective on Danish lifesaving culture
Madsen, L.
199199 A comparison of performance on a 200m combined test with and without outer clothing
Stallman, R.Keig
200200 Fining bathers who disrespect the signs can make Brazilian beaches safer?
Szpilman, D.

Swimming and Water Safety

202202 Real and perceived swimming competence among young adults in New Zealand: The Can You Swim? Project
Moran, K.
203203 Everyone Swims: Changing policies to increase access to swimming lessons and water recreation
Bennett, E.
204204 The 'Note and Float' drowning prevention program
Griffiths, T.
205205 Pools 2 Schools Pilot: A journey of participation, partnership, performance, and pleasure
Stanley, T.; Taylor, J.; Calhaem, I.
206206 The use of portable pools to increase swim learning: The SwimSafe Danang Experience
Cox, R.
207207 Hoi An Children's Swimming Program – A sustainable & scalable swimming program in Vietnam
Carmont, T.; Stewart, J.; Thu, L.Thi
208208 The Sri Lanka Women's Swimming Project
Fonfe, M.
209209 The Nile Swimmers Project: Reducing the burden of drowning on the River Nile, and building peace
Graham, D.; Mecrow, T.Stefan
210210 The 'Can You Swim?' Project: An international feasibility study of real and perceived swimming competency in the context of drowning prevention
Moran, K.
211211 Real and perceived swimming competence among young adults in Australia: The Can You Swim? Project
Blitvich, J.D.
212212 Real and perceived swimming ability, perceptions of drowning risk among Japanese university students
Goya, T.; Matsui, A.; Teramoto, K.; Shimonagata, S.; Moran, K.
213213 Perceived versus real aquatic competence: the 'Can You Swim' project
Stallman, R.Keig
214214 A graded approach to a definition of ‘Can Swim’
Stallman, R.Keig
215215 Incorporation home pool safety into mainstream lesson programming
Ayton, T.
216216 A behavioral approach to pediatric drowning prevention
Barnett, H.
217217 Swim For Life – The full scale promotion and coordination of swim and survive in New Zealand
Claridge, M.
219219 - Free online swimming lessons from a world leading swim school
Douglas, B.; Folley, N.
220220 Swim Australia's SwimSAFER program: Two years on...
Gage, R.
221221 SwimSafer, Have fun, Swim Safe
Gambardella, C.
222222 Good swimmers drown more often than non-swimmers: How openwater swimming could feature in beginner swimming
Hindmarch, T.; Melbye, M.
223223 Study into the Swimming abilities of ACT primary school students
Hodges, S.
224224 Near drowning detection system based on swimmer's physiological information analysis
Kharrat, M.
225225 The validity of a 1000m distance test as a predictor of swimming competence & The validity of swimming speed as a predictor of swimming competence
Stallman, R.Keig
227227 Predictors of swimming ability of primary school children in rural communities in Thailand
Laosee, O.
228228 30 Years of Australian Swimming and Water Safety Education
Marks, K.
229229 The international language of swimming
Marks, K.
230230 History of swimming education at school in Japan which influenced Japanese swimming ability
Matsui, A.; Goya, T.; Moran, K.
231231 Safer facilities or using facilities safely
Millward, R.
232232 Swimming to a safe place
Pryor, S.
234234 Portable pools and the SwimSafe Thailand experience
Rubin, T.
235235 Spread of survival technique 'chakuiei' in Japan
Saitoh, H.
236236 Delivering Professional Development in a technological age
Savage, M.
237237 Learn to swim with DLRG and Nivea A pre-school swimming education project of DLRG in cooperation with the support of the company Beiersdorf (Nivea)
Schulte-Huelsmann, L.
238238 Whanau Nui – Free family swimming and water safety lessons
Stanley, T.
239239 AUSTSWIM – Providing quality training in any language and culture
Veldhuyzen, C.
240240 New design for sign showing how to prevent drowning at sudden water accident
Abe, J.
241241 Qualitative findings from a 3-year baby/preschool swimming training: A two-year case study
Avramidis, S.
242242 Basic Aquatic Water Skill
Baker, S.
243243 Water safety education is more than teaching swimming skills: Comprehensive drowning prevention education
Kjendlie, P.
244244 Swim to Survive – supporting rural aboriginal and farming communities
Kusyanto, B.
246246 Observation skills in water competence learning processes – a didactic challenge
Madsen, L.
247247 Hari’s World/Hari at the Beach
Standley, D.
248248 Proposed new warning graphical symbols for buoyancy aids
Seghers, G.
249249 A Norwegian model of swimming competency
Stallman, R.Keig
250250 Bridging the gap – the transition between pool and open water: A pedagogical drowning prevention approach
Stallman, R.Keig
251251 Sea survival training carried out at the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
Tamura, Y.
252252 Manual for the prevention of drowning and water accidents in Mexico
Villasante, B.
253253 Car in water
Vervaecke, H.U.B.
254254 Jabari – balancing joy and safety in the water for children
Robinson, R.W.

Disasters and Climate Change

Lifesaving Sport and Development

Partnerships and Collaborations

256256 One size does not fit all: Rethinking pediatric water safety and drowning prevention in high income countries (HICs)
Jones, R.; Romo, C.
257257 The influence of ethnicity on aquatic participation and drowning in Canada
Byers, B.
258258 Keeping new settlers safer in and around water
Willcox, S.
259259 Tidal policy: A wave of reform for Maori drowning prevention in Aotearoa/New Zealand
Haimona, M.
260260 Survey of Islamic Republic of Iran Lifesaving performance during the years 2005–2010
Aghamirsalim, S.
261261 Changing policy to save lives
Place, D.
263263 Collaboration & partnering: Pang habam-buhay ito – Philippine Life Saving Society and Royal Life Saving Society – Australia
Baker, S.
264264 Barriers to aquatic participation for English as second language speakers: An Australian profile: The exploration of a preventative drowning strategy that's working
Blaubaum, S.; Dixon, J.
265265 Evaluation of an 11 week water safety program for young adults
Blitvich, J.D.
266266 Case study and analysis: 100th Anniversary celebration of the Lifesaving Society in Ontario
Clark, R.
267267 Drowning risk of immigrants versus non-immigrants in the province of Ontario: A cross-sectional retrospective study
Gallinger, Z.; Fralick, M.
268268 Fight of German Red Cross Life Saving against drowning
Gossner, S.
269269 Acqua (Water)
Grandi, R.
270270 Understanding lifesaving service in South Korea and its future development
Kang, D.
272272 An investigation into lifesaving organisation capacity – Implications for development of lifesaving organisations in low resource settings
Leaversuch, F.
273273 The changing face of The Royal Life Saving Society
Barwick, J.
274274 Taking a human rights approach to engaging governments in drowning prevention
Leaversuch, F.
275275 The National Water Safety Quiz: an interactive approach to evaluating Australian children's water safety knowledge
Peden, A.
276276 The road to water safety in Switzerland
Müller, C.
278278 bfu water safety campaign
Müller, C.
280280 Strategies to promote new water safety organizations in Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique and São Tomé and Principe a case study of AsNaSA Portugal's cooperation for Africa
Seabra, R.
281281 Australian volunteers in Asia: A unique perspective on international collaborations in drowning prevention
Rubin, T.; Peden, A.; Walker, D.
282282 Drowning prevention in Finland
Salomaa, P.
283283 Having difficulties raising funds for a drowning prevention campaign? Build yourself a tool to atrract government support!
Szpilman, D.
284284 A professional way to multiply our drowning prevention message by enlisting the help of non-lifeguards
Szpilman, D.
285285 Sea Angel's Brazil boating & water safety program
Ulyssea, M.
286286 Working together for water safety: Exploring the challenges and success of the collaborative approaches within the UK National Water Safety Forum
Walker, D.
287287 Utilising a national water safety partnership to develop and deliver an effective awareness campaign case study – United Kingdom tombstoning safety campaign
Wills, S.
289289 New education and prevention program
Zbinden, M.
290290 Hollywood stars involvement in lifesaving, lifeguarding, swimming and drowning incidents
Avramidis, S.
291291 The Declaration of Lifesaving
Avramidis, S.
292292 Drowning scenes in Hollywood films depicting swimming and aquatic activities: A pilot study
Avramidis, S.
293293 Drowning in the Outback – Alice Springs Police – Australia
Chalker, D.
294294 The 'Buddy System' – Hands around the globe: Improving communication and cooperation between ILS member nations
Stallman, R.Keig
295295 To whom should we target a drowning prevention campaign in Brazil?
Szpilman, D.

Activities and Occupations

298298 The association between wearing a personal floatation device and death by drowning among recreational boaters; a matched cohort analysis of United States Coast Guard data
Quan, L.
299299 Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs) and commercial fishermen: Preconceptions and evaluations in actual use
Lincoln, J.
300300 3000 lives, 6 Billion dollars lost, 18 years of surveillance – What have we learned about safe boating in Canada?
Barss, P.
301301 Snorkelling fatalities in Australia: Pathophysiological considerations
Lippmann, J.
302302 Preventing commercial fishing deaths in the United States
Lincoln, J.
303303 Rock fisher safety in Auckland, New Zealand: Five years on
Moran, K.
304304 Don't put your life on the line – A strategy to reduce rock fishing fatalities
Thompson, M.
305305 Drowning prevention strategies for fishers wearing waders
McElroy, K.G.
306306 A survey of hotels in Langkawi Island, Malaysia, on the need for lifeguards
Abdullah, Z.
307307 Reducing the risk of drowning after helicopter ditching: An assessment of the performance of three emergency breathing systems
Barwood, M.
308308 Responding to the Mangatepopo canyoning tragedy that claimed seven lives in 2008
Brunt, A.
309309 Foreign holiday drowning deaths
Connolly, J.
310310 An analysis of water-related fatalities and injuries suffered by Canadian tourists in the Dominican Republic
Richardson, G.
311311 Beach safety for visitors to Australian beaches – Tourist and immigrant drowning prevention in Australia
George, P.
312312 Diving deaths downunder – An analysis of 34 years of scuba diving deaths in Australia
Lippmann, J.
313313 Collaboration with resort owners and the community – A leading advantage in the fight against tourists drowning in the Philippines
Navarra, A.
314314 The use of Personal Flotation Devices to prevent drowning
Tan, R.M.K.