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World Conference on Drowning Prevention 2007

The World Conference on Drowning Prevention 2007 (WWS2007) was held in Porto and Matosinhos, Portugal from 27 to 29 September.

It is with great pleasure that we announce the release to the world of the abstracts, presentations and Papers. This remarkable work is the contribution of the many water safety and lifesaving professionals worldwide who gave their time and expertise to share their knowledge to advance the science of lifesaving. The world of water safety is welcome to use the materials to as long as the origin of the work is duly recognised.


The Conference Papers were archived in the ILS Library by author, year, event.They can also be found sorted by stream underneath.

A comprehensive schedule and further details of the event can be downloaded here (.xls file)

Conference Streams were:


00-01 World Congress on Drowning (WCD) 2002: Lessons learnt - Research and developments since.
Bierens, J.J.L.M.
00-02 International Life Saving Federation Actions since the World Congress on Drowning 2002
Brewster, C.B.
00-03 Pulling on the same oars together - we can make a difference
Peterson, P.; Peterson, V.L.; Sitti-amorn, C.; Swezy, C.; Linnan, M.; The Alliance for Safe Children,
00-04 The Bangladesh Experience: A research and evidence-based approach to develop an effective, large-scale, sustainable child drowning prevention programme suitable for developing countries
Rahman, A.; Mashreky, S.R.; Chowdhury, S.M.; Giashuddin, M.S.; Shafinaz, S.; Linnan, M.; Fazlu, A.K.M.
00-05 Estimating the Burden - Nonfatal and Fatal Drowning in Recreational Water Sites - US 2001-2002
Gilchrist, J.; Thomas, K.; Ryan, G.; Branche, C.
02-02 Guidelines 2005 for Basic Life Support
Handley, A.J.
02-04 Drowning in non-protective and blind areas of the beaches
Mirsalim, S.M.A.
02-21 World Drowning Report 2007
Kreft, O.; Agnew, P.; Bayers, B.; Bailey, S.; Sabatini, A.; Bierens, J.J.L.M.
02-54 The Dolphin Project - Since 1963, the largest drowning prevention Program in Brazil - 150,000 children trained
Nunes, R.S.
03-01 ILS: How, Who and What were the impact on Brazil?
Szpilman, D.; Goulart, P.M.; Mocellin, O.; Silva, A.; Guaiano, O.P.; Barros, M.; Alves, A.S.; Morato, S.M.Ã.Â.¡rcio; Cerqueira, S.J.; Vilela, J.J.Ã.Â.© M.; Smicelato, C.E.; Araújo, R.T.; Pedroso, J.P.; Krüger, L.Ã.Â.­s; Barros, E.; Cerqueira, A.; Sales, R.Ã.Â.´muloC.; Silva, N.S.
Plenary Summary of Workshop Recommendations
Beerman, S.B.

Total Life Saving Service Plan

01-01 Total Life Saving Service Plan
George, P.
01-02 Risk taking behaviour as a cause of drowning after engagement in swimming and non-aquatic activities
Avramidis, S.; Butterly, R.; Llewellyn, D.J.
01-03 Piha rescue - 4 years of filming at New Zealand's busiest beach
Sullivan, B.
01-04 NOAA/USLA Rip Current Awareness Campaign
Davis, P.
01-05 Rip Currents - A Public Awareness Negligence
Bech, E.
01-06 ­Impacts of major water safety campaigns: play it safe by the water 1997 to 2007
Matthews, B.L.
01-07 Public water safety education through letters to the newspapers
Tan, R.M.K.
01-08 The potential use of a reward scheme for drowning rescues to study prevention, rescue and resuscitation of drowning cases
Venema, A.M.; Groothoff, J.W.; Bierens, J.J.L.M.
02-05 Principles of beach risk assessment: A UK perspective
Nelson, D.C.
02-06 Developing a risk assessment model for practical application in the UK
Dawes, P.; Scott, T.
02-07 An integrated approach to Beach Lifeguarding and Lifeboating
Wooler, A.; Vlasto, M.
02-08 Saving lives through technology
Roberts, C.
02-09 Onshore Storminess Factor (ONSF): A new tool for Regional Beach Hazard Rating (RBHR) and Beach Safety Management (BSM)
Pick, K.; Hartmann, D.
02-10 The Australian Public Coastal Safety Guidelines
Agnew, P.; Farmer, N.
02-11 The research, development and implementation of UK national guidelines and specifications for coastal public rescue equipment
Wills, S.; Dawes, P.
02-12 State of Hawai'i beach hazard information website
Howe, J.; Goto, R.S.
02-13 Dangerous waves - Long period swell
Evans, J.
02-14 Aquatic facilities - Total Life Saving Service Plan
Shane, M.
02-15 Strategies for open water drowning prevention
Bennett, E.; Quan, L.

Research in Lifesaving, developing the plan

Surf-Lifeguard pre-employment test
Martinez, C.
01-09 SENTINEL - A systematic approach to the early recognitions of drowning; The right response, to the right victim, at the right time
Doyle, B.; Webber, J.
01-10 Factors affecting lifeguard recognition of the submerged victim: implications for lifeguard training, lifeguarding systems and aquatic facility design
Patterson, L.
01-11 Are they watching - the SEE (Supervision Evaluation and Enhancement) system
Shane, M.
01-12 Swimming pool injury data: Improvements to lifeguard training
Matthews, B.L.; Waters, W.; Acocks, C.
01-13 Is the efficacy of detecting a drowning patient altered if the person conducting surveillance is a non-swimmer?
Doyle, B.
01-14 ILS Position Statement: Seizure disorders in lifesaving and lifeguarding
Beerman, S.B.
01-15 How lifeguards would know the severity, treatment and outcome of drowning on the accident site?
Szpilman, D.
01-16 What can science teach us about lifesaving and drowning prevention
Pia, F.A.
02-16 Manoeuvres and rescue skills program and rescue with paddleboards and/or rescue boards
Brandon, D.A.
02-17 Risk management analysis: when, where and how ocean rescue lifeguards are suffering occupational injuries
Morizot-Leite, L.A.
02-18 Normalizing the abnormal: The efficacy of stress related aquatic instruction and its correlation to drowning prevention in theatre specific aquatic environments
McVan, J.T.
02-19 Evidence based standards in lifesaving: A Preliminary Report of the US Lifeguard Standards Coalition - From the American Red Cross, the US Lifesaving Association, and the YMCA of the USA
Wernicki, P.G.; Markenson, D.; DeMers, J.
02-21 Main Skills for Lifesaving and How to Train these Skills
Mohr, D.
02-22 Skill retention in lifesaving: A review of literature and a look to the future
Fischbein, K.; Espino, M.
02-23 Comparative analysis of educational programmes
Miler, T.; Novotna, J.
02-24 International Water Safety and Lifesaving Education by ILS
Farmer, N.
02-25 Do automated external defibrillators have a place in lifeguarding / lifesaving?
Handley, A.J.
02-26 The same result for less money? Is training in the use of the Automated External Defibrillator equally effective with poster self training as with instructor based training?
Vries, W.; Bierens, J.J.L.M.
02-27 Self instruction in basic life support - Is this the answer to the problem of poor training?
02-28 Are there any different in retention of BLS and AED skills between younger (15-22 years) and older (>35 years) lifeguards?
Vries, W.; Bierens, J.J.L.M.
02-33 Simulated emergency response training programme
Castro, J.; Smith, P.
03-16 Beach Water Safety Management - Morphodynamic and human parameters from the Israeli mediterranean coast
Hartmann, D.
03-17 Moderate sea states do not influence the application of an AED in rigid inflatable rescue boats
Vries, W.; Bierens, J.J.L.M.
03-18 How to choose an automated external defibrillator (AED) for the aquatic environment - Review of selection considerations
Løfgren, B.
03-19 Spinal cord injury immobilization in the aquatic environment
Manino, L.A.
03-20 Resuscitation Guidelines 2005 - what's new and why?
Handley, A.J.
03-21 In-water resuscitation - What are the highlights and pitfalls?
Szpilman, D.; Handley, A.J.
03-22 Report of the US National First Aid Science Advisory Board - Evidence based first aid guidelines
Epstein, J.L.; Markenson, D.; Hamill, W.
03-23 Occupational fitness standards for beach lifeguards
Reilly, T.; Wooler, A.
03-24 Surf-Lifeguard pre-employment test
Martinez, C.
03-25 Eye health and vision standards for lifeguards
Clarke, A.
03-26 Visual acuity standards for Beach Lifeguards
Tipton, M.J.; Scarpello, E.; Reilly, T.; McGill, J.
03-27 Beach Water Safety Management - Ergonomic approach to study lifeguards effectiveness & vigilance
Hartmann, D.; Meyer, J.
03-28 Drowning Incident Analysis
Clark, R.
03-29 Lifesaving Development in Africa
Kania, J.

New and emerging lifesaving organisations

World Drowning Report

Public water safety communication and information systems

Aquatic specific issues - Diving, Fishing and Boating

Expanding youth involvement in lifesaving

Child and adolescent drowning prevention

Water safety in Portuguese speaking nations

03-02 'CPLP' - a new space for cooperation within ILS: AsNaSA Portugal's proposal of an Action Plan for Teaching and Training in Water Safety Quality in the Portuguese Speaking Countries Community
Martinho, F.
03-03 Professional Water Life Saver Course - Level II: a course certified by official Portuguese and European Union Standards
Nunes, R.; Pinto, N.; Martinho, F.
03-04 Child and adolescent drowning in Portugal
Nascimento, S.; Botte, H.; Galvão, S.; Menezes, H.; Rocha, E.
03-05 Reg Evaluation of risk factor in beaches
Valeiras, A.A.J.
03-06 Global heating and mortality by drowning
Guaiano, O.P.
03-07 Maritime Safety and Risks Prevention in the European Atlantic Coast: Challenges for a Transnational Cooperation Framework
Carvalho, A.
03-08 AsNaSA Cabo Verde - National Water Safety Association
Dias, J.
03-09 'Instituto de Socorros a Naufragos': Past, present and future
Martins, D.
03-10 Professional aquatic security and rescue technician course
Pinto, N.; Martinho, F.
03-11 Professional and educational updating: is it possible to increase the prevention measures and to reduce the mortality caused by drowning in the state of São Paulo?
Guaiano, O.P.; Fonseca, A.Ã.Â.´nio C.; Beteli, H.Ã.Â.©lio R.; Higa, E.M.S.
03-12 'Pro-More Security for Sea Men' Association - a pilot project providing recycling training for improving sea fishermen security
Festas, J.Ã.Â.©; Martinho, F.
03-13 Education and training on the Portuguese legislation for Water Safety Quality Standards: Notes to improve Law 44/2004, in conformity with the "Portaria 1311/2006"
Costa, M.Ã.Â.¡rio; Pinto, N.; Guimarães, M.P.; Nunes, R.; Martinho, F.
03-14 Operational Strategy of Portuguese Lifeguards Associations in order to prevent drowning
Tadeia, A.
03-15 AsNaSA - First Portuguese Life Saving Association: 30 years of lifesaving voluntary work, education and training
Martinho, F.; Meyrelles, A.; Pinto, N.; Nunes, R.; Gabriel, R.; Menezes, A.; Pinto, T.; Seabra, R.


PO-01 Trauma in Brazil - 126,000 deaths in 2003. Do we know enough to prevent?
Szpilman, D.
PO-02 Drowning in Brazil - 179.000 deaths in 25 years. Are we stepping down?
Szpilman, D.
PO-03 Basic Water Life Support (BWLS): Reevaluation after 232 courses
Szpilman, D.; Guaiano, O.P.; Barros, M.; Cerqueira, S.J.; Bahia, S.; Smicelato, C.E.
PO-04 Medical helicopter: What are the benefits and pitfalls on drowning?
Szpilman, D.
PO-05 Proposal of a Certification Qualify Water Safety Program - Do the benefits overcome costs?
Szpilman, D.; Goulart, P.M.; Mocellin, O.; Silva, A.; Guaiano, O.P.; Barros, M.; Alves, A.S.; Morato, S.M.Ã.Â.¡rcio; Cerqueira, S.J.; Vilela, J.J.Ã.Â.© M.; Smicelato, C.E.; Araújo, R.T.; Pedroso, J.P.; Krüger, L.Ã.Â.­s; Barros, E.; Cerqueira, A.; Sales, R.Ã.Â.´muloC.; Silva, N.S.
PO-08 A tale of two park agencies: The role of local and regional government agencies in drowning prevention
Quan, L.; Bennett, E.
PO-09 Didactical reflections considering the development of lifesaving competence in physical education students - with special regard to the interdependency of goal, content and method of teaching and the learning process of the students
PO-10 Understanding older persons water safety needs - research and development
Franklin, R.C.; Mathieu, E.
PO-11 Surf education - clubs and schools
Fitzgerald, J.
PO-12 'Kia Maanu, Kia Ora - Stay Afloat, Stay Alive': A water safety strategy for Maori in Aotearoa
PO-13 Does the teaching of water safety and swimming reduce the incidence of death by drowning?
Wilson-Saliba, L.; Patterson, L.
PO-14 Fitness requirements for RNLI beach lifeguards operating Rescue Watercraft and Inshore Rescue Boats
Reilly, T.; Tipton, M.J.; Wooler, A.; Carter, P.; Wallace, S.
PO-15 'Bridging the Gap' 11000kms of coastline coverage
Andrew, P.; Peck, C.
PO-16 Little lifeguard: How can a project for children and adolescents from elementary and middle school, accomplished in the city of Sorocaba, contribute to the prevention of drowning in Brazil?
Guaiano, O.P.; Souza, E.B.
PO-17 Prevention of drowning: are we, professional lifeguards, ready to educate the population or are we prepared exclusively to perform rescue missions?
Guaiano, O.P.
PO-18 Maximise rescuer safety and effectiveness through pre-rescue communication
Donohoe, B.
PO-19 The prototype of situational dimensions in aquatic life-saving
Zalewski, T.
PO-20 How does the level of knowledge concerning aquatic safety change among school youth after the 'Blue Patrol' educational action
Zalewski, T.; Gapski, J.
PO-21 A proposed framework for developing a plan for research in life saving and water safety
Stallman, R.Keig; PK, K.
PO-22 Junior awards
Dunn, M.
PO-23 Safety in public aquatic centres: Lifeguards are not babysitters!
Scarr, J.P.; Chellew, C.; Franklin, R.C.
PO-24 Predicting lifeguard's ability to succeed in real lifesaving situations
Iwersen, M.
PO-25 IT-Strategy - A didactic challenge in the learning process of lifesaving skills - Experience from Lifesaving Educational Courses with a special focus on ICT-supported study processes with Intensive Use of IT and Video
Madsen, L.
PO-26 Collection of captured sharks of Recife - Brazil at local life guard group
Alves, A.Ã.Â.© S.F.
PO-27 The story of the IRB - Inflatable Rescue Boat
Wake-Walker, E.
PO-28 Water Safety Campaign
Botte, H.; Galvão, S.; Menezes, H.; Rocha, E.
PO-29 Pool lifeguarding and surveillance - new technology, friend or foe?
Blackwell, A.
PO-30 A national lifesaving plan to prevent drowning and injury in New Zealand, 2005 - 2010
Sullivan, B.
PO-31 Integrated Aquatic Programme (IAP)
Sullivan, B.; Harrod, S.
PO-32 Cartoon drowning prevention video - A way to reach children in 8 minutes
Cerqueira, J.; Szpilman, D.